Critical Race Theory (CRT) asserts that the law and legal institutions are inherently racist and race itself is a social construct devised by white people to further their own economic and political interests while oppressing people of color. See Tommy Curry, Critical Race Theory, Encyclopedia Britannica (last updated May 28 2020). CRT directly "confronts the historical centrality and complicity of law in upholding white supremacy (and concomitant hierarchies of gender, class, and sexual orientation)." See Foreword to CRITICAL RACE THEORY, Kimberlé Crenshaw et al., in CRITICAL RACE THEORY: THE KEY WRITINGS THAT FORMED THE MOVEMENT at xi (Kimberlé Crenshaw et al. eds., 1995). In do doing, it opposes the idea of color-blindness and neutrality in achieving racial justice, noting that "[c]olorblindness as doctrine not only undermines litigation strategies that rely on race-conscious remediation, but it also soothes social anxiety about whether deeper levels of social criticism, remediation, and reconstruction might be warranted." Kimberlé Crenshaw, Twenty Years of Critical Race Theory: Looking back to Move Forward, 43 Conn. L. Rev. 1253, 1326 (2011).
Derrick Bell, who was a professor at Harvard Law School and NYU Law , is considered to be the founder/originator of CRT. As noted by Professor Bell, CRT recognizes that revolutionizing a culture begins with the radical assessment of it. Derrick A. Bell, Who’s Afraid of Critical Race Theory, 1995 U. Ill. L. Rev. 893 (1995) (citing John O. Calmore, Critical Race Theory, Archie Schepp, and Fire Music: Securing an Authentic Intellectual Life in a Multicultural World, 65 S. Ca. L. Rev. 2129, 2145 (1992)).
Critical Race Theory Generally
Institutionalized Killings of Black People
Prosecution, Arrest, and Imprisonment
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