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Paper Topic Development: International: Translators

Tools to identify articles, books, treaties, UN documents, jurisprudence and other sources to support an international law paper.

Machine Translators

Each website below includes a pull-down menu of languages covered by the translation tool.  Machine translators are not equivalent to human translators.   

Google Translate

Microsoft Translator


In Comparative Evaluation of Online Machine Translation Systems with Legal Texts, 100 L. Libr. J. 299, 316 (2008), Chunyu Kit and Tak Ming Wong noted that PROMPT was slightly better at translating from Portuguese to English.

Translators & Interpreters (for hire)

The National Association of Judiciary Interpreters & Translators

New York Circle of Translators

Center for Advanced Research on Language Acquisition: Less Commonly Taught Languages

Through this website, one might be able to identify faculty who could be, or who could recommend, translators and interpreters.